Globalization and new forms of global governance have created a wide array of formal and informal, state and non-state spaces for participation and influence at levels beyond the nation state. At the international level, this includes formal institutions such as those associated with the UN, the World Bank or the IMF, meetings associated with global agreements and treaties, such as those on climate, and a host of consultative spaces for participation, such as the recent the International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development (IIASTD), or even forums organized by civil society, such as the World Social Forum. Increasingly, supra-national authority is also held in regional level bodies, such as the African Union, the EU, regional trade regimes, or regional networks. Other powerful bodies include private sector networks and informal networks of international NGOs.
For an example of an ‘invited space’ at the global level and the power dynamics which surround it read Global Engagements with Global Assessments working paper by Ian Scoones.